Currently, CCTV cameras are almost everywhere on the highways, in railway stations, bus stations, hotels, resorts, and residential buildings to keep crime at bay. Closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras are commonly used in public places all over the globe. CCTV video has been used by law enforcement authorities to solve crimes and arrest criminals on several occasions. They’ve proved to be incredibly helpful in monitoring down criminals. CCTV captures a truthful image of the events, and the Courts place a high value on its integrity due to its accuracy. The solar security camera is easy to mount without the need to connect electricity or cable. When it detects people, it will begin lighting the camera automatically, and it has local storage and privacy protection. Solar energy cellular surveillance cameras run on 3G/4G cellular data and are intended to function in areas with no hardwired Internet.
Authentication of CCTV Footage:
To be deemed admissible in the Court of law, digital evidence must be properly preserved, authenticated, and in compliance with each state’s different digital evidence policies. Furthermore, the applicability and relevance of the digital evidence to the case must be identified.
Authentication is the process of persuading a court that a file is what it appears to be. By demonstrating the image’s source and proving that it has not been changed since it was produced or where a change has occurred. Then prove the nature of the alteration; for example, image enhancement and editing are such improvements.
Crime Prevention tool:
When closed-circuit television (CCTV) security becomes widely used as a crime-prevention tool, surveillance camera video will become an increasingly useful evidence source in criminal cases. However, this type of evidence is commonly referred to as “video” evidence.
However, there are drawbacks to digital technology. Since all video evidence is preserved in digital memory, the images can be copied without losing quality and, most importantly, changed in just the same way. The initial goal of installing CCTV was to eliminate crime by combating drug violence and anti-social conduct to improve the public’s safety. The discovery and subsequent capture of the criminal were made possible by releasing CCTV footage and corroborating images on the agency’s website.
Thousands of people rioted in London as well as other cities across England in 2011. CCTV detected many agitators and looters in major British cities to track crime and big events.
Certain heinous crimes captured on CCTV; the Oklahoma City explosion in 1995, the London subway train attack in 2005, which is remembered as the 7/7 terrorist bombing, and the 2013 blasts outside the Iranian Consulate in Beirut are all incident.
CCTV footage is undeniably valuable to law enforcement in the investigation of criminal activity.
The authenticity of CCTV footage was stated in Gubinas and Radavicius v HM Advocate, Scotland. In part 59, it was observed that even though all the witnesses reported one thing and CCTV reveals something else, the digital evidence would be relied on rather than the witness’s eye evidence.
CCTV versus Individual Testimony:
If five people witness an incident and provide evidence about it, all persons’ statements will undoubtedly differ in a certain way. Still, CCTV footage is free of absurdities, making it preferable to individual evidence.
There are indeed various issues with eye witness evidence. It is not always credible, such as problems with the eye witness’s memory, the eyewitness being compensated by the offender, and, therefore, misleading the Court of law. Any of these conditions render the witness’ testimony untrustworthy, resulting in the supposed convicted person’s acquittal.
Similarly, CCTV footage has its own set of issues, such as the CCTV camera condition, image quality, lack of sound recording, fuzzy footage, if the CCTV footage is clear or not, and the CCTV source is proven beyond probable doubt.
It will suffice if the evidence from the surveillance tapes is considered adequate by the Court to prove the criminal act and the suspected perpetrator’s identity. When any digital evidence is used as testimony, the electronic record’s content must be proved following the statute.
CCTV a Silent Witness:
CCTV plays a critical role in assisting in the investigation of serious offences. Perpetrators would never have been discovered if CCTV hadn’t been installed. It is undoubtedly amongst the most important resources available to police and investigators all over the globe. It contributes to the array of crime-solving techniques by helping officers to track down witnesses, suspects, and trends. Having video evidence can help validate or refute a witness’s statement and is a powerful ally for a criminal defense. It will tell you exactly what happens, where it takes place, and how many individuals were involved.